Judges’ Queries and Presenter’s Replies

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Presentation Discussion

  • Icon for: Brian Drayton

    Brian Drayton

    Faculty
    May 22, 2012 | 07:25 a.m.

    Probably as an artifact of the pdf, in Results graph A (Baton Rouge) I don’t see the value for the Alternative Bin method — does it perfectly match the bulk method here? Or is this data missing?
    In any case, I am wondering if the resolution seems sufficient to provide some reliability for a wide range of ecological systems; and does a highly heterogeneous landscape introduce new issues?

  • Small default profile

    Mauri PElto

    Guest
    May 22, 2012 | 08:53 a.m.

    I am not sure why you decided the bin method had advantages over the explicit method, what was the verification for this? The video is poor, you basically went over your poster which we could read. Use a video to provide a visually compelling portrait of why your project is important.

  • Further posting is closed as the competition has ended.

Icon for: Isaac Medina

ISAAC MEDINA

Colorado State University
Years in Grad School: 1

Applying two binned methods to the Simple Biosphere Model (SiB) for improving the representation of spatially varying precipitation and soil wetness

Representing subgrid-scale variability is a continuing challenge for modelers, but is crucial for accurately calculating the exchanges of energy, moisture, and momentum between the land surface and atmospheric boundary layer. Soil wetness is highly spatially variable and difficult to resolve at grid length scales (~100 km) used in General Circulation Models (GCMs). Currently, GCMs use an area average precipitation rate that results in a single soil wetness value for the entire grid area, and due to the nonlinear relationship between soil wetness and evapotranspiration, significant inaccuracies arise in the calculation of the grid area latent heat flux. Using a finer GCM resolution will not solve this problem completely and other methods of modeling need to be considered.
For this study, the binned methods of Sellers et al. (2007) are applied to the Simple Biosphere Model (SiB) for improving the representation of spatially varying precipitation, soil wetness and surface-atmosphere fluxes. The methods are tested in a dry, semi-arid and wet biome, and results are compared to an explicit method, which is ideal for resolving subgrid-scale variability, and the bulk method (area averaged), which is currently in use with GCMs. Results indicate that the alternative binned method better captures the spatial variability in soil wetness and grid area flux calculations produced by the explicit method, and deals realistically with spatially varying precipitation at little additional computational cost to the bulk method.
Future work will focus on the implications of climate change on water resources in the semiarid South Plains region.