Judges’ Queries and Presenter’s Replies

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Presentation Discussion

  • Icon for: Paul Tanger

    Paul Tanger

    Trainee
    May 22, 2012 | 03:59 p.m.

    fascinating approach, and nice professional video!

  • Icon for: Keith Rutlin

    Keith Rutlin

    Coordinator
    May 22, 2012 | 04:17 p.m.

    Bryon what were some of the advantages of working with an IGERT associate on your research project? Did you like the interdisciplinary aspect of the IGERT program?

  • Icon for: Bryon Parman

    Bryon Parman

    Presenter
    May 22, 2012 | 04:41 p.m.

    It was actually the other way around, I was helping the other IGERT associate with his research project by examining the economic feasibility of his idea. I did find the interdisciplinary aspect beneficial as I gained perspective on the challenges these prototype experiments must overcome.

  • Further posting is closed as the competition has ended.

  1. Bryon Parman
  2. http://www.igert.org/profiles/4693
  3. Graduate Student
  4. Presenter’s IGERT
  5. Kansas State University
  1. Ronald Michalsky
  2. http://www.igert.org/profiles/4729
  3. Project Associate
  4. Presenter’s IGERT
  5. Kansas State University

Sustainable Nitrogen Fertilizer: Solar thermochemical production of ammonia from water, air and sunlight, thermodynamic and economic analyses

Ammonia is an important input into agriculture and is used widely as base chemical for the chemical industry. It has recently been proposed as a sustainable transportation fuel and convenient one-way hydrogen carrier. Employing typical meteorological data for Palmdale, CA, solar energy is considered here as an inexpensive and renewable energy alternative in the synthesis of NH3 (Anhydrous Ammonia) at ambient pressure and without natural gas. Thermodynamic process analysis shows that a molybdenum-based solar thermochemical NH3 production cycle, conducted at or below 1500 K, combined with solar thermochemical H2 production from water may operate at a net-efficiency ranging from 23-30% (lower heating value of NH3 relative to the total energy input). Net present value optimization indicates ecologically and economically sustainable NH3 synthesis at above about 160 tons NH3 per day, dependent primarily on heliostat costs (varied between 90 and 164 dollars/m2), NH3 yields (ranging from 13.9 mol% to stoichiometric conversion of fixed and reduced nitrogen to NH3), and the NH3 sales price. Economically feasible production at an optimum plant capacity near 900 tons NH3 per day is shown at relative conservative technical assumptions and at a reasonable NH3 sales price of about 534 ± 28 dollars per ton NH3.